DOI: 10.1007/s00259-017-3677-5Pages: 1383-1392

[18F]-FMISO PET study of hypoxia in gliomas before surgery: correlation with molecular markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis

1. CHU de Caen, Department of Neurology

2. Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, CEA, CNRS, ISTCT/CERVOxy group

3. CHU de Caen, Department of Neurosurgery

4. CHU de Caen, Service de Neurochirurgie

5. CHU de Caen, Department of Pathology

6. CHU de Caen, Department of Neuroradiology

7. CHU de Caen, Department of Nuclear Medicine

8. Normandie Univ, UNICAEN, CEA, CNRS, ISTCT/LDM-TEP group

9. CHU de Nimes, Department of Neurology

Correspondence to:
Jean-Sébastien Guillamo
Tel: 0033466684151
Email: jeansebastien.GUILLAMO@chu-nimes.fr

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Abstract

Purpose

Hypoxia in gliomas is associated with tumor resistance to radio- and chemotherapy. However, positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of hypoxia remains challenging, and the validation of biological markers is, therefore, of great importance. We investigated the relationship between uptake of the PET hypoxia tracer [18F]-FMISO and other markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis and with patient survival.

Patients and methods

In this prospective single center clinical study, 33 glioma patients (grade IV: n = 24, III: n = 3, and II: n = 6) underwent [18F]-FMISO PET and MRI including relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) maps before surgery. Maximum standardized uptake values (SUVmax) and hypoxic volume were calculated, defining two groups of patients based on the presence or absence of [18F]-FMISO uptake. After surgery, molecular quantification of CAIX, VEGF, Ang2 (rt-qPCR), and HIF-1α (immunohistochemistry) were performed on tumor specimens.

Results

[18F]-FMISO PET uptake was closely linked to tumor grade, with high uptake in glioblastomas (GB, grade IV). Expression of biomarkers of hypoxia (CAIX, HIF-1α), and angiogenesis markers (VEGF, Ang2, rCBV) were significantly higher in the [18F]-FMISO uptake group. We found correlations between the degree of hypoxia (hypoxic volume and SUVmax) and expression of HIF-1α, CAIX, VEGF, Ang2, and rCBV (p < 0.01). Patients without [18F]-FMISO uptake had a longer survival time than uptake positive patients (log-rank, p < 0.005).

Conclusions

Tumor hypoxia as evaluated by [18F]-FMISO PET is associated with the expression of hypoxia markers on a molecular level and is related to angiogenesis. [18F]-FMISO uptake is a mark of an aggressive tumor, almost always a glioblastoma. Our results underline that [18F]-FMISO PET could be useful to guide glioma treatment, and in particular radiotherapy, since hypoxia is a well-known factor of resistance.

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  • Accepted: Mar 9, 2017
  • Online: Mar 18, 2017

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