DOI: 10.1007/s00259-017-3765-6Pages: 2094-2104

Bone SPECT/CT in the postoperative spine: a focus on spinal fusion

1. University College London Hospitals, Institute of Nuclear Medicine

2. Royal Free Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine

3. Antwerp University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine

4. University of Antwerp, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Correspondence to:
Jamshed Bomanji
Tel: ++44 20 3447 0528



Low back pain is a global problem affecting one in 10 people. The management of low back pain varies from conservative to more invasive methods with a spectacular increase in the number of patients undergoing spinal fusion surgery during the last decade. Conventional radiological and radionuclide studies are often used in the assessment of persistent or recurring pain after spinal surgery with several advantages and limitations related to each technique. This article reviews the key contribution of integrated bone SPECT/CT in evaluating patients with persistent or recurring pain after spinal surgery, focusing on spinal fusion. Current literature supports the use of bone SPECT/CT as an adjunct imaging modality and problem-solving tool in evaluating patients with suspicion of pseudarthrosis, adjacent segment degeneration, and hardware failure. The role of bone SPECT/CT in post-operative orthopaedic scenarios is evolving, and this review highlights the need for further research on the role of bone SPECT/CT in these patients.

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  • Accepted: Jun 21, 2017
  • Online: Jul 5, 2017

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