DOI: 10.1007/s00259-017-3769-2Pages: 1888-1896

Relationship Between Coronary Contrast-Flow Quantitative Flow Ratio and Myocardial Ischemia Assessed by SPECT MPI

1. Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Cardiology

2. Medis medical imaging systems B.V.

3. Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Nuclear Medicine

4. Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Medical Statistics

5. Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Radiology

Correspondence to:
Arthur J. Scholte
Tel: +31 71 526 2020
Email: a.j.h.a.scholte@lumc.nl

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Abstract

Purpose

A new method has been developed to calculate fractional flow reserve (FFR) from invasive coronary angiography, the so-called “contrast-flow quantitative flow ratio (cQFR)”. Recently, cQFR was compared to invasive FFR in intermediate coronary lesions showing an overall diagnostic accuracy of 85%. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between cQFR and myocardial ischemia assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT MPI).

Methods

Patients who underwent SPECT MPI and coronary angiography within 3 months were included. The cQFR computation was performed offline, using dedicated software. The cQFR computation was based on 3-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and computational fluid dynamics. The standard 17-segment model was used to determine the vascular territories. Myocardial ischemia was defined as a summed difference score ≥2 in a vascular territory. A cQFR of ≤0.80 was considered abnormal.

Results

Two hundred and twenty-four coronary arteries were analysed in 85 patients. Overall accuracy of cQFR to detect ischemia on SPECT MPI was 90%. In multivariable analysis, cQFR was independently associated with ischemia on SPECT MPI (OR per 0.01 decrease of cQFR: 1.10; 95% CI 1.04-1.18, p = 0.002), whereas clinical and QCA parameters were not. Furthermore, cQFR showed incremental value for the detection of ischemia compared to clinical and QCA parameters (global chi square 48.7 to 62.6; p <0.001).

Conclusions

A good relationship between cQFR and SPECT MPI was found. cQFR was independently associated with ischemia on SPECT MPI and showed incremental value to detect ischemia compared to clinical and QCA parameters.

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  • Accepted: Jun 26, 2017
  • Online: Jul 6, 2017

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