DOI: 10.1007/s00259-017-3830-1Pages: 1-11

Texture analysis of high-resolution dedicated breast 18F-FDG PET images correlates with immunohistochemical factors and subtype of breast cancer

1. Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela CHUS-IDIS, Nuclear Medicine Department and Molecular Imaging Group

2. University of Santiago de Compostela (USC), Molecular Imaging Group, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine

3. Fundación Tejerina

4. Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela CHUS-IDIS, Pharmacy Department and Pharmacology group

5. University Hospital A Coruña (SERGAS), Department of General Surgery

6. Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela (CHUS), Medical Physics Department

Correspondence to:
Pablo Aguiar
Email: pablo.aguiar.fernandez@sergas.es

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to determine whether PET textural features measured with a new dedicated breast PET scanner reflect biological characteristics of breast tumors.

Methods

One hundred and thirty-nine breast tumors from 127 consecutive patients were included in this analysis. All of them underwent a 18F-FDG PET scan before treatment. Well-known PET quantitative parameters such as SUVmax, SUVmean, metabolically active tumor volume (MATV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were extracted. Together with these parameters, local, regional, and global heterogeneity descriptors, which included five textural features (TF), were computed. Immunohistochemical classification of breast cancer considered five subtypes: luminal A like (LA), luminal B like/HER2 − (LB −), luminal B like/HER2+ (LB+), HER2-positive-non-luminal (HER2pnl), and triple negative (TN). Associations between PET features and tumor characteristics were assessed using non-parametric hypothesis tests.

Results

Along with well-established associations, new correlations were found. HER2-positive tumors had significantly higher uptake (p < 0.001, AUCs > 0.70) and presented different global and regional heterogeneity (p = 0.002, p = 0.016, respectively, AUCs < 0.70). Nine out of ten analyzed features were significantly associated with immunohistochemical subtype. Uptake was lower for LA tumors (p < 0.001) with AUCs ranging from 0.71 to 0.88 for each subgroup comparison. Heterogeneity metrics were significantly associated when comparing LA and LB − (p < 0.01), being regional heterogeneity metrics more discriminative than any other parameter (AUC = 0.80 compared to AUC = 0.71 for SUV). LB+ and HER2pnl tumors also showed more regional heterogeneity than LA tumors (AUCs = 0.79 and 0.84, respectively). After comparison with whole-body PET studies, we observed an overall improvement in the classification ability of both non-heterogeneity metrics and textural features.

Conclusions

PET parameters extracted from high-resolution dedicated breast PET images showed new and stronger correlations with immunohistochemical factors and immunohistochemical subtype of breast cancer compared to whole-body PET.

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  • Accepted: Sep 4, 2017
  • Online: Sep 21, 2017

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