DOI: 10.1007/s00259-017-3844-8Pages: 1-9

Presynaptic dopamine depletion determines the timing of levodopa-induced dyskinesia onset in Parkinson’s disease

1. Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Neurology

2. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Asan Medical Center

3. Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine

Correspondence to:
Phil Hyu Lee
Tel: 82-2-2228-1608
Email: phlee@yuhs.ac

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Abstract

Purpose

Reduced presynaptic dopaminergic activity plays an important role in the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in Parkinson’s disease (PD). In this study, we investigated whether dopaminergic function in the nigrostriatal system is associated with the timing of LID onset.

Methods

From among 412 drug-naive PD patients who underwent a dopamine transporter (DAT) PET scan during their baseline evaluation, we enrolled 65 patients who developed LID during a follow-up period of >2 years. Based on the time from PD onset, LID was classified as early, intermediate or late onset. We then compared DAT availability in the striatal subregions of the patients in the three groups.

Results

The demographic characteristics did not differ among the three patient groups except for earlier intervention of levodopa therapy in the early LID onset group (p = 0.001). After adjusting for age at PD onset, gender, timing of levodopa therapy from PD onset, and the severity of PD motor symptoms, DAT activity in the posterior putamen was found to be significantly lower in the early LID onset group than in the late LID onset group (p = 0.017). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that low DAT activity in the posterior putamen was significantly associated with the early appearance of LID in the early LID onset group (β = 16.039, p = 0.033).

Conclusion

This study demonstrated that low DAT activity in the posterior putamen at baseline is a major risk factor for the early onset of LID in patients with PD, suggesting that the degree of presynaptic dopaminergic denervation plays an important role in determining the timing of LID onset.

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  • Accepted: Sep 29, 2017
  • Online: Oct 26, 2017

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