DOI: 10.1007/s00259-018-3975-6Pages: 1-8

Preoperative [18F]FDG PET/CT tumour heterogeneity index in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma: a multicentre retrospective study

1. Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Samsung Medical Center

2. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asan Medical Center

3. Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine

4. Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center

5. Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Cancer Research Institute

6. Seoul National University College of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cancer Research Institute

Correspondence to:
Hyun Hoon Chung
Email: chhkmj@gmail.com

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Abstract

Purpose

We investigated the prognostic value of the tumour heterogeneity index determined on preoperative [18F]FDG PET/CT in patients with uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS).

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed patients with uterine LMS who underwent preoperative [18F]FDG PET/CT scans at three tertiary referral hospitals. The PET/CT parameters maximum standardized uptake value of the primary tumour (SUVmax), metabolic tumour volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis were assessed. The negative values of the MTV linear regression slope (nMLRS) according to the SUV thresholds of 2.5 and 3.0 were determined as the tumour heterogeneity index. The value of PET/CT-derived parameters in predicting progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined in regression analyses.

Results

Clinicopathological and PET/CT data from 16 patients were reviewed. The median postsurgical follow-up was 21 months (range 4–82 months), and 12 patients (75.0%) experienced recurrence. Tumour size (P = 0.017), SUVmax (P = 0.019), MTV (P = 0.016) and nMLRS (P = 0.008) were significant prognostic factors for recurrence. MTV (P = 0.048) and nMLRS (P = 0.045) were significant prognostic factors for patient survival. nMLRS was correlated with clinicopathological parameters including tumour size (Pearson’s correlation coefficient γ = 0.825, P < 0.001) and lymph node metastasis (γ = 0.721, P = 0.004). Patient groups categorized according to the nMLRS cut-off value showed significant differences in PFS (P = 0.033) and OS (P = 0.044).

Conclusion

The preoperative tumour heterogeneity index obtained using the MTV linear regression slope may be a novel and useful prognostic marker in uterine LMS.

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  • Accepted: Feb 11, 2018
  • Online: Feb 28, 2018

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