DOI: 10.1007/s00259-018-4057-5Pages: 2173-2180

Feasibility of dynamic stress 201Tl/rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin single photon emission computed tomography for quantification of myocardial perfusion reserve in patients with stable coronary artery disease

1. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Asan Medical Center

2. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Asan Medical Center

3. GE Healthcare

Correspondence to:
Dae Hyuk Moon
Tel: 82-2-3010-4592
Email: dhmoon@amc.seoul.kr

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Abstract

Purpose

We evaluated the feasibility of dynamic stress 201Tl/rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT imaging using a cardiac camera equipped with cadmium-zinc-telluride detectors for the quantification of myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR).

Methods

Subjects with stable known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) who had undergone or were scheduled to undergo fractional flow reserve (FFR) measurement were prospectively enrolled. Dynamic stress 201Tl/rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT imaging was performed using a dedicated multiple pinhole SPECT camera with cadmium-zinc-telluride detectors. MPR was derived using Corridor4DM software.

Results

A total of 34 subjects were enrolled (25 men and 9 women; mean age 60.4 years). FFR was measured in 65 coronary arteries with intermediate lesions. The average global MPR was 2.58 ± 1.03. Global MPR was associated with the extent of CAD (P = 0.028) and global summed stress score (r = −0.60, P < 0.001). Regional MPR showed a significant correlation with diameter stenosis (r = −0.57, P < 0.001), minimum lumen diameter (r = 0.50, P < 0.001), summed stress score (r = −0.52, P < 0.001) and FFR (r = 0.52, P < 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of MPR for the diagnosis of functionally significant stenosis (FFR ≤0.8) was 0.79 (P < 0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of regional MPR were 67% and 83%, respectively, using a cut-off value of 2.0.

Conclusion

Dynamic stress 201Tl/rest 99mTc-tetrofosmin SPECT imaging and quantification of MPR is feasible in patients with stable CAD. The preliminary results of this study in a small number of patients require confirmation in a larger cohort to determine their implications for bolstering the role of SPECT imaging in the diagnosis and risk prediction of CAD.

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  • Accepted: May 23, 2018
  • Online: Jun 2, 2018

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