DOI: 10.1007/s00259-018-4199-5Pages: 1-8

Yttrium-90 glass microspheres radioembolization (RE) for biliary tract cancer: a large single-center experience

1. Centre Eugène Marquis, Medical Oncology

2. Centre Eugène Marquis, Nuclear Medicine

3. Centre Eugène Marquis, Interventional Radiology

4. CHU Pontchaillou, Radiology

5. CHU Pontchaillou, Hepatology

6. CHU Pontchaillou, Gastroenterology

7. CHU Pontchaillou, Hepatobiliary Surgery

8. Univ Rennes, INSERM, INRA, Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer Eugène Marquis, Institut NUMECAN (Nutrition Metabolisms and Cancer)

Correspondence to:
Julien Edeline
Tel: +33 299253196
Email: j.edeline@rennes.unicancer.fr

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Abstract

Purpose

Radioembolization (RE) is a promising treatment option for biliary tract cancers (BTC). We report here the largest series to date using this treatment modality.

Methods

We retrospectively studied data from 64 patients treated outside prospective clinical trial at our institution. We studied baseline characteristics as potential prognostic factors. We studied dose delivered to the tumor as predictive factors of outcomes in patients not receiving concomitant chemotherapy.

Results

The Progression-Free Survival and Overall Survival (OS) were 7.6 months [95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.6–10.6] and 16.4 months [95% CI: 7.8–25.0] in the whole cohort. The factors independently associated with OS in multivariable analysis were the primary localization of ICC (HR = 0.27, 95% CI: 0.11–0.68, p = 0.005) and a PS > 0 (HR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.11–4.38, p = 0.024). During follow-up, 12 patients (19%) underwent surgery following downstaging, with a median OS of 51.9 months. In patients not treated with concomitant chemotherapy (n = 31), OS was significantly higher in patients with a dose delivered to the tumor 260Gy or higher than in patients with a dose delivered to the tumor lower than 260Gy (median 28.2 vs 11.4 months, log-rank p = 0.019).

Conclusion

Our results confirm that RE is a promising treatment modality in BTC. A high proportion of patients could be downstaged to surgery, with promising long-term survival. Dose delivered to the tumor correlated with clinical outcomes when chemotherapy was not used concomitantly.

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  • Accepted: Oct 17, 2018
  • Online: Oct 29, 2018

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