DOI: 10.1186/s13550-016-0252-1Pages: 1-7

Three-minute SPECT/CT is sufficient for the assessment of bone metastasis as add-on to planar bone scintigraphy: prospective head-to-head comparison to 11-min SPECT/CT

1. Aalborg University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Cancer Research Center

2. Aalborg University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine

3. Aalborg University, Department of Health Science and Technology, Center for Neuroplasticity and Pain

4. Centro de Investigaciones y Transferencia de Entre Ríos, CONICET-UNER

5. Regional Hospital West Jutland, Dept. of Nuclear Medicine

Correspondence to:
Helle D. Zacho
Tel: +45 97 66 55 00
Email: h.zacho@rn.dk

Close

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study is to assess whether ultra-fast acquisition SPECT/CT (UF-SPECT/CT) can replace standard SPECT/CT (std-SPECT/CT) as “add-on” to whole-body bone scintigraphy (WB-BS) for the investigation of bone metastases.

Consecutive cancer patients referred for WB-BS who underwent SPECT/CT in addition to WB-BS were included. Std-SPECT, UF-SPECT, and low-dose CT were performed (std-SPECT: matrix 128 × 128, zoom factor 1, 20 s/view, 32 views; UF-SPECT: identical parameters except for 10 s/view and 16 views, reducing the acquisition time from 11 to 3 min). A consensus diagnosis was reached by two observers for each set of images (WB-BS + standard SPECT/CT or WB-BS + UF-SPECT/CT) using a three-category evaluation scale: M0: no bone metastases; M1: bone metastases; and Me: equivocal findings.

Results

Among the 104 included patients, most presented with prostate cancer (n = 71) or breast cancer (n = 28). Using WB-BS + std-SPECT/CT, 71 (68%) patients were classified as M0, 19 (18%) as M1, and 14 (14%) as Me. Excellent agreement was observed between WB-BS + std-SPECT/CT and WB-BS + UF-SPECT/CT using the three-category scale: kappa = 0.91 (95% CI 0.84–0.97). No difference in observer agreement between cancer types was detected. SPECT/CT provided a definitive classification in 90 of 104 cases in which WB-BS was not entirely diagnostic.

Conclusions

To investigate potential bone metastases, UF-SPECT/CT can be conducted as add-on to WB-BS to notably reduce the SPECT acquisition time without compromising diagnostic confidence.

This article is freely available, click here to access the full text/PDF

  • Accepted: Dec 21, 2016
  • Online: Jan 5, 2017

Article Tools

eanm
EJNMMI Ad