DOI: 10.1186/s13550-018-0396-2Pages: 1-8

Simplifying [18F]GE-179 PET: are both arterial blood sampling and 90-min acquisitions essential?

1. Imperial College London, Division of Brain Sciences

2. MRC Clinical Sciences Centre

3. King’s College London, 4th Floor Lambeth Wing, St Thomas’ Hospital, Westminster Bridge Road, School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences

4. St. Thomas’ Hospital, King’s College London and Guy’s and St Thomas’ PET Centre

5. GE Healthcare Ltd

6. Aarhus University, Department of Nuclear Medicine

7. University of Newcastle, Institute of Neuroscience

8. University of Manchester, Wolfson Molecular Imaging Centre

9. UCL Institute of Neurology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy

10. Epilepsy Society

11. The Neurodis Foundation, CERMEP—Imagerie du Vivant

Correspondence to:
Colm J. McGinnity




The NMDA receptor radiotracer [18F]GE-179 has been used with 90-min scans and arterial plasma input functions. We explored whether (1) arterial blood sampling is avoidable and (2) shorter scans are feasible.


For 20 existing [18F]GE-179 datasets, we generated (1) standardised uptake values (SUVs) over eight intervals; (2) volume of distribution (VT) images using population-based input functions (PBIFs), scaled using one parent plasma sample; and (3) VT images using three shortened datasets, using the original parent plasma input functions (ppIFs).


Correlations with the original ppIF-derived 90-min VTs increased for later interval SUVs (maximal ρ = 0.78; 80–90 min). They were strong for PBIF-derived VTs (ρ = 0.90), but between-subject coefficient of variation increased. Correlations were very strong for the 60/70/80-min original ppIF-derived VTs (ρ = 0.97–1.00), which suffered regionally variant negative bias.


Where arterial blood sampling is available, reduction of scan duration to 60 min is feasible, but with negative bias. The performance of SUVs was more consistent across participants than PBIF-derived VTs.

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  • Accepted: May 8, 2018
  • Online: Jun 11, 2018

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