DOI: 10.1186/s13550-018-0399-zPages: 1-10

Discriminating radiation injury from recurrent tumor with [18F]PARPi and amino acid PET in mouse models

1. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology

2. Washington University, Department of Radiology

3. Washington University, Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center

4. Department of Chemistry, Hunter College of the City University of New York

5. Ph.D. Program in Biochemistry, Graduate Center of the City University of New York

6. Ph.D. Program in Chemistry, Graduate Center of the City University of New York

7. Weill Cornell Medical College, Department of Radiology

8. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry Program

9. Technical University Munich, Department of Nuclear Medicine

Correspondence to:
Thomas Reiner
Tel: 646-888-3461




Radiation injury can be indistinguishable from recurrent tumor on standard imaging. Current protocols for this differential diagnosis require one or more follow-up imaging studies, long dynamic acquisitions, or complex image post-processing; despite much research, the inability to confidently distinguish between these two entities continues to pose a significant dilemma for the treating clinician. Using mouse models of both glioblastoma and radiation necrosis, we tested the potential of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-targeted PET imaging with [18F]PARPi to better discriminate radiation injury from tumor.


In mice with experimental radiation necrosis, lesion uptake on [18F]PARPi-PET was similar to contralateral uptake (1.02 ± 0.26 lesion/contralateral %IA/ccmax ratio), while [18F]FET-PET clearly delineated the contrast-enhancing region on MR (2.12 ± 0.16 lesion/contralateral %IA/ccmax ratio). In mice with focal intracranial U251 xenografts, tumor visualization on PARPi-PET was superior to FET-PET, and lesion-to-contralateral activity ratios (max/max, p = 0.034) were higher on PARPi-PET than on FET-PET.


A murine model of radiation necrosis does not demonstrate [18F]PARPi avidity, and [18F]PARPi-PET is better than [18F]FET-PET in distinguishing radiation injury from brain tumor. [18F]PARPi-PET can be used for discrimination between recurrent tumor and radiation injury within a single, static imaging session, which may be of value to resolve a common dilemma in neuro-oncology.

This article is freely available, click here to access the full text/PDF

  • Accepted: May 15, 2018
  • Online: Jul 4, 2018

Article Tools