DOI: 10.1186/s13550-018-0409-1Pages: 1-4

18F-fluoromisonidazole predicts evofosfamide uptake in pancreatic tumor model

1. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Medical Physics

2. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology

Correspondence to:
Milan Grkovski
Tel: 212-639-2480
Email: grkovskm@mskcc.org

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Abstract

Background

Quantitative imaging can facilitate patient stratification in clinical trials. The hypoxia-activated prodrug evofosfamide recently failed a phase III trial in pancreatic cancer. However, the study did not attempt to select for patients with hypoxic tumors. We tested the ability of 18F-fluoromisonidazole to predict evofosfamide uptake in an orthotopic xenograft model (BxPC3).

Methods

Two forms of evofosfamide were used: (1) labeled on the active moiety (3H) and (2) on the hypoxia targeting nitroimidazole group (14C). Tumor uptake of evofosfamide and 18F-fluoromisonidazole was counted ex vivo. Autoradiography of 14C and 18F coupled with pimonidazole immunohistochemistry revealed the spatial distributions of prodrug, radiotracer, and hypoxia.

Results

There was significant individual variation in 18F-fluoromisonidazole uptake, and a significant correlation between normalized 18F-fluoromisonidazole and both 3H-labeled and 14C-labeled evofosfamide. 18F-fluoromisonidazole and 14C-evofosfamide both localized in hypoxic regions as identified by pimonidazole.

Conclusion

18F-fluoromisonidazole predicts evofosfamide uptake in a preclinical pancreatic tumor model.

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  • Accepted: Jun 6, 2018
  • Online: Jun 18, 2018

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