DOI: 10.1186/s13550-018-0425-1Pages: 1-7

18F-florbetaben whole-body PET/MRI for evaluation of systemic amyloid deposition

1. Stanford University Medical Center, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging

2. Stanford University, Department of Radiology

3. Stanford University, Department of Medicine

Correspondence to:
Andrei Iagaru
Tel: 650 725 4711
Email: aiagaru@stanford.edu

Close

Abstract

Background

Florbetaben, a 18F-labeled stilbene derivative (Neuraceq®, formerly known as BAY-949172), is a diagnostic radiopharmaceutical developed to visualize β-amyloid plaques in the brain. Here, we report a pilot study evaluating patients with suspected cardiac amyloidosis for systemic extent of disease.

Methods

We prospectively enrolled nine patients, 61–86 year old (mean ± SD 69.4 ± 8.6), referred from the cardiac amyloid clinic. First, dynamic imaging of the heart was acquired immediately after injection of 222–318.2 MBq (mean ± SD 270.1 ± 33.3) of 18F-florbetaben using the GE SIGNA PET/MRI. This was followed by a whole-body PET/MRI scan 60–146.4 min (mean ± SD 98 ± 33.4) after injection. Cardiac MRI sequences included ECG-triggered cine SSFP, T2-weighted, and late gadolinium-enhanced imaging. Whole-body MRI sequences included MRAC and axial T1-weighted imaging.

Results

High early uptake and delayed high uptake in the left ventricle correlated with amyloid deposition in five patients, while low uptake on early and delayed cardiac imaging was noted in four patients. Cardiac function measurements were successfully obtained in all participants. Areas of increased abnormal 18F-florbetaben accumulation were noted on delayed whole-body imaging in the bone marrow (seven patients), stomach (diffuse in five patients and focal in one patient), brain (five patients), salivary glands (three patients), tongue (three patients), spleen (three patients), skeletal muscles (three patients), ocular muscles (two patients), thyroid (two patients), pleura (two patients), kidneys (two patients), and lungs (two patients).

Conclusions

Whole-body 18F-florbetaben PET/MRI is promising for localization of systemic amyloid deposition. This technique may provide important structural and functional information regarding the organs involved by disease, with potential to guide biopsy and evaluate response to treatment.

Trial registration

Clinicaltrials.gov registration: NCT03119558.

This article is freely available, click here to access the full text/PDF

  • Accepted: Jul 9, 2018
  • Online: Jul 24, 2018

Article Tools

eanm
EJNMMI Ad