DOI: 10.1007/s0025901634595Pages: 441448
Predictive value of [^{18}F]fluoride PET for monitoring bone remodeling in patients with orthopedic conditions treated with a Taylor spatial frame
 Author:

Alejandro SanchezCrespo
^{1, 2}

Frederik Christiansson
^{3}

Charlotte Karlsson Thur
^{4}

Henrik Lundblad
^{4}

Anders Sundin
^{5}
1. Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Hospital Physics, Nuclear medicine
2. Karolinska University Hospital
3. Nyköpings Hospital, Department of Radiology
4. Karolinska Institutet, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery
5. Uppsala University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Molecular Imaging
Abstract
PurposeThe Taylor Spatial Frame (TSF) is used to correct orthopedic conditions such as correction osteotomies in delayed fracture healing and pseudarthrosis. Longterm TSFtreatments are common and may lead to complications. Current conventional radiological methods are often unsatisfactory for therapy monitoring. Hence, an imaging technique capable of quantifying bone healing progression would be advantageous.
MethodsA cohort of 24 patients with different orthopedic conditions, pseudarthrosis (n = 10), deformities subjected to correction osteotomy (n = 9), and fracture (n = 5) underwent dynamic [^{18}F]fluoride (Na^{18}F) PET/CT at 8 weeks and 4 months, respectively, after application of a TSF. Parametric images, corresponding to the net transport rate of [^{18}F]fluoride from plasma to bone, K_{i} were calculated. The ratio of the maximum K_{i} at PET scan 2 and 1 (
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$) as well as the ratio of the maximum Standard Uptake Value at PET scan 2 and 1 (
${\overline{SUV}}_{\text{max}}$
$$ {\overline{SUV}}_{\max } $$) were calculated for each individual. Different treatment endpoints were scored, and the overall treatment outcome score was compared with the osteoblastic activity progression as scored with
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$ or
${\overline{SUV}}_{\text{max}}$
$$ {\overline{SUV}}_{\max } $$.
Results
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$ and
${\overline{SUV}}_{\text{max}}$
$$ {\overline{SUV}}_{\max } $$ were not correlated within each orthopedic group (p > 0.1 for all groups), nor for the pooled population (p = 0.12). The distribution of
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$ was found significantly different among the different orthopedic groups (p = 0.0046) also for
${\overline{SUV}}_{\text{max}}$
$$ {\overline{SUV}}_{\max } $$ (p = 0.022). The positive and negative treatment predictive values for
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$ were 66.7 % and 77.8 %, respectively. Corresponding values for
${\overline{SUV}}_{\text{max}}$
$$ {\overline{SUV}}_{\max } $$ were 25 % and 33.3 %
ConclusionsThe
${\overline{K}}_{i,max}$
$$ {\overline{K}}_{i, \max } $$ obtained from dynamic [^{18}F]fluoridePET imaging is a promising predictive factor to evaluate changes in bone healing in response to TSF treatment.